Multivariate Hidden Markov Models for disease progression

Multivariate Hidden Markov Models for disease progression
Tuesday 20th November 2018
Martino, A.; Guatteri, G.; Paganoni, A. M.
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Disease progression models are a powerful tool for understanding the development of a disease, given some clinical measurements obtained from longitudinal events related to a sample of patients. These models are able to give some insights about the disease progression through the analysis of patients histories and can be also used to predict the future course of the disease for an individual. In particular, Hidden Markov Models are suitable for disease progression since they model the latent unobservable states of the disease. In this work we introduce a novel HMM where the outcome is multivariate and its components are not independent; to accomplish our aim, since we do not make any usual normality assumptions, we model the outcome using copulas. We first test the performance of our model in a simulation setting and show the validity of the method. Then, we study the course of Heart Failure, applying our model to an administrative dataset from Lombardia Region in Italy, showing how episodes of hospitalization can give information about the disease status of a patient.