An effective fluid-structure interaction formulation for vascular dynamics by generalized Robin conditions
Wednesday 10th January 2007
Nobile, Fabio; Vergara, Christian
In this work we focus on the modelling and numerical simulation of the fluid-structure interaction mechanism in vascular dynamics. We first propose a simple membrane model to describe the deformation of the arterial wall, which is derived from the Koiter s shell equations and is applicable to an arbitrary geometry. Secondly, we consider a reformulation of the fluid-structure problem, in which the newly derived membrane model, thanks to its simplicity, is embedded into the fluid equations and will appear as a generalized Robin boundary condition. The original problem is then reduced to the solution of subsequent fluid equations defined on a moving domain and may be achieved with a fluid solver, only. We also derive a stability estimate for the resulting numerical scheme. Finally, we propose new outflow absorbing boundary conditions, which are easy to implement and allow to reduce significantly the spurious pressure wave reflections that typically appear in artificially truncated computational domains. We present several numerical results showing the effectiveness of the proposed approaches.