A Patient-Specific Aortic Valve Model based on Moving Resistive Immersed Implicit Surfaces
Tuesday 7th June 2016
Fedele, M.; Faggiano, E.; Dedè, L.; Quarteroni, A.
In this paper, we propose a full computational pipeline to simulate the hemodynamics in the aorta including the valve. Closed and open valve surfaces, as well as the lumen aorta, are reconstructed directly from medical images using new ad hoc algorithms, allowing a patient-specific simulation. The fluid dynamics problem that accounts from the movement of the valve is solved by a new 3D-0D fluid-structure interaction model in which the valve surface is implicitly represented through level set functions, yielding, in the Navier-Stokes equations, a resistive penalization term enforcing the blood to adhere to the valve leaflets. The dynamics of the valve between its closed and open position is modeled using a reduced geometric 0D model. At the discrete level, a Finite Element formulation is used and the SUPG stabilization is extended to include the resistive term in the Navier-Stokes equations. Then, after time discretization, the 3D fluid and 0D valve models are coupled through a staggered approach. This computational pipeline, applied to a patient specific geometry and data, can reliably reproduce the movement of the valve, the sharp pressure jump occurring across the leaflets, and the blood flow pattern inside the aorta.