T cell therapy against cancer: a predictive diffuse-interface mathematical model informed by pre-clinical studies
Wednesday 2nd February 2022
Pozzi, G.; Grammatica, B.; Chaabane, L.; Catucci, M.; Mondino, A.; Zunino, P.; Ciarletta, P.
T cell therapy has become a new therapeutic opportunity against solid cancers. Predicting T cell behaviour and efficacy would help therapy optimization and clinical implementation. In this work, we model responsiveness of mouse prostate adenocarcinoma to T cell-based therapies. The mathematical model is based on a Cahn-Hilliard diffuse interface description of the tumour, coupled with Keller-Segel type equations describing immune components dynamics. The model is fed by pre-clinical magnetic resonance imaging data describing anatomical features of prostate adenocarcinoma developed in the context of the Transgenic Adenocarcinoma of the Mouse Prostate model. We perform computational simulations based on the finite element method to describe tumor growth dynamics in relation to local T cells concentrations. We report that when we include in the model the possibility to activate tumor-associated vessels and by that increase the number of T cells within the tumor mass, the model predicts higher therapeutic effects (tumor regression) shortly after therapy administration. The simulated results are found in agreement with reported experimental data. Thus, this diffuse-interface mathematical model well predicts T cell behavior in vivo and represents a proof-of-concept for the role such predictive strategies may play in optimization of immunotherapy against cancer.