Accelerating Algebraic Multigrid Methods via Artificial Neural Networks
Saturday 6th November 2021
Antonietti, P.F.; Caldana, M.; Dede', L.
We present a novel Deep Learning-based algorithm to accelerate - through the use of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) - the convergence of Algebraic Multigrid (AMG) methods for the iterative solution of the linear systems of equations stemming from Finite Element discretizations of Partial Differential Equations. We show that ANNs can be be successfully used to predict the strong connection parameter that enters in the construction of the sequence of increasingly smaller matrix problems standing at the basis of the AMG algorithm, so as to maximize the corresponding convergence factor of the AMG scheme. To demonstrate the practical capabilities of the proposed algorithm, which we call AMG-ANN, we consider the iterative solution via the AMG method of the algebraic system of equations stemming from Finite Element discretizations of a two-dimensional elliptic equation with a highly heterogeneous diffusion coefficient. We train (off-line) our ANN with a rich data-set and present an in-depth analysis of the effects of tuning the strong threshold parameter on the convergence factor of the resulting AMG iterative scheme.