Publication Results



Code: 59/2014
Title: Accurate solution of Bayesian inverse uncertainty quantification problems using model and error reduction methods
Date: Friday 12th December 2014
Author(s) : Manzoni, A.; Pagani, S.; Lassila, T.
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Abstract: Computational inverse problems related to partial differential equations (PDEs) often contain nuisance parameters that cannot be effectively identified but still need to be considered as part of the problem. The objective of this work is to show how to take advantage of projection-based reduced order models (ROMs) to speed up Bayesian inversion on the identifiable parameters of the system, while marginalizing away the (potentially large number of) nuisance parameters. The key ingredients are twofold. On the one hand, we rely on a reduced basis (RB) method, equipped with computable a posteriori error bounds, to speed up the solution of the forward problem. On the other hand, we develop suitable reduction error models (REM) to quantify the error between the full-order and the reduced-order model affecting the likelihood function, in order to gauge the effect of the ROM on the posterior distribution of the identifiable parameters. Numerical results dealing with inverse problems governed by elliptic PDEs in the case of both scalar parameters and parametric fields highlight the combined role played by ROM accuracy and REM effectivity.

This report, or a modified version of it, has been also submitted to, or published on
SIAM/ASA J. Uncertainty Quantification (submitted)