MOX Colloquia

Nonintrusive reduced order models using physics informed neural networks

Speaker: Jan S. Hesthaven
Affiliation: Chair of Computational Mathematics and Simulation Science, EPFL, Lausanne, CH
When: Thursday 29th October 2020
Time: 14:00:00
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Abstract: The development of reduced order models for complex applications, offering the promise for rapid and accurate evaluation of the output of complex models under parameterized variation, remains a very active research area. Applications are found in problems which require many evaluations, sampled over a potentially large parameter space, such as in optimization, control, uncertainty quantification, and in applications where a near real-time response is needed. However, many challenges remain unresolved to secure the flexibility, robustness, and efficiency needed for general large-scale applications, in particular for nonlinear and/or time-dependent problems. After giving a brief general introduction to projection based reduced order models, we discuss the use of artificial feedforward neural networks to enable the development of fast and accurate nonintrusive models for complex problems. We demonstrate that this approach offers substantial flexibility and robustness for general nonlinear problems and enables the development of fast reduced order models for complex applications. In the second part of the talk, we discuss how to use residual based neural networks in which knowledge of the governing equations is built into the network and show that this has advantages both for training and for the overall accuracy of the model. Time permitting, we finally discuss the use of reduced order models in the context of prediction, i.e. to estimate solutions in regions of the parameter beyond that of the initial training. With an emphasis on the Mori-Zwansig formulation for time-dependent problems, we discuss how to accurately account for the effect of the unresolved and truncated scales on the long term dynamics and show that accounting for these through a memory term significantly improves the predictive accuracy of the reduced order model. Contatto: alfio.quarteroni@polimi.it
Note: After receiving his PhD in 1995 from the Technical University of Denmark, Professor Hesthaven joined Brown University, USA where he became Professor of Applied Mathematics in 2005. In 2013 he joined EPFL as Chair of Computational Mathematics and Simulation Science and since 2017 as Dean of the School of Basic Sciences. His research interests focus on the development, analysis, and application of high-order accurate methods for the solution of complex time-dependent problems, often requiring high-performance computing. A particular focus of his research has been on the development of computational methods for problems of linear and non-linear wave problems and the development of reduced basis methods, recently with an emphasis on combining traditional methods with machine learning and neural networks with broad applications, including structural health monitoring. He has received several awards for both his research and his teaching, and has published 4 monographs and more than 160 research papers. He is on the editorial board of 8 journals and serves as Editor-in-Chief of SIAM J. Scientific Computing. Homepage - https://www.epfl.ch/labs/mcss/
Link:http://mox.polimi.it/elenco-seminari/?id_evento=1979&t=763724