Stochastic Simulation of Soil Particle-Size Curves in Heterogeneous Aquifer Systems through a Bayes space approach

Code:
59/2015
Title:
Stochastic Simulation of Soil Particle-Size Curves in Heterogeneous Aquifer Systems through a Bayes space approach
Date:
Thursday 12th November 2015
Author(s):
Menafoglio, A.; Guadagnini, A.; Secchi, P.
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Abstract:
We address the problem of stochastic simulation of soil particle-size curves (PSCs) in heterogeneous aquifer systems. Unlike traditional approaches that focus solely on a few selected features of PSCs (e.g., selected quantiles), our approach is conducive to stochastic realizations of the spatial distribution of the entire particle-size distribution which can optionally be conditioned on available measured data. We model PSCs as cumulative distribution functions, and their densities as functional compositions in a Bayes Hilbert space. This enables us to employ an appropriate geometry to deal with the data dimensionality and constraints, and to develop a simulation method for particle-size densities (PSDs) based upon a suitable and well defined projection procedure. The new theoretical framework enables us to represent and reproduce the complete information content embedded in PSC data. As a first field application, we test the quality of unconditional and conditional simulations obtained with our methodology by considering as a test bed a set of particle-size curved collected within a shallow alluvial aquifer in the Neckar river valley, Germany.