Publication Results

Code: 52/2018
Title: A computational model for microcirculation including Fahraeus-Lindqvist effect, plasma skimming and fluid exchange with the tissue interstitium
Date: Tuesday 30th October 2018
Author(s) : Possenti, L.; Di Gregorio, S.; Gerosa, F.m.; Raimondi, G.; Casagrande, G.; Costantino, M.l.; Zunino, P.
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Abstract: We present a two phase model for microcirculation that describes the interaction of plasma with red blood cells. The model takes into account of typical effects characterizing the microcirculation, such as the Fahraeus-Lindqvist effect and plasma skimming. Besides these features, the model describes the interaction of capillaries with the surrounding tissue. More precisely, the model accounts for the interaction of capillary transmural flow with the surrounding interstitial pressure. Furthermore, the capillaries are represented as one-dimensional channels with arbitrary, possibly curved configuration. The latter two features rely on the unique ability of the model to account for variations of flow rate and pressure along the axis of the capillary, according to a local differential formulation of mass and momentum conservation. Indeed, the model stands on a solid mathematical foundation, which is also addressed in this work. In particular, we present the model derivation, the variational formulation and its approximation using the finite element method. Finally, we conclude the work with a comparative computational study of the importance of the Fahraeus-Lindqvist, plasma skimming and capillary leakage effects on the distribution of flow in a microvascular network.

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To appear on the International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering