|Abstract:|| Much attention has recently been devoted to the development of Stochastic Galerkin (SG) and Stochastic Collocation (SC) methods for uncertainty quantification. An open and relevant research topic is the comparison of these two methods. By introducing a suitable generalization of the classical sparse grid SC method, we are able to compare SG and SC on the same underlying multivariate polynomial space in terms of accuracy versus computational work.
The approximation spaces considered here include
isotropic and anisotropic versions of Tensor Product (TP), Total Degree(TD), Hyperbolic Cross (HC) and Smolyak (SM) polynomials.
Numerical results for linear elliptic SPDEs indicate a slight computational work advantage
of isotropic SC over SG, with SC-SM and SG-TD being the best choices of approximation spaces for each method. Finally, numerical results
corroborate the optimality of the theoretical estimate of anisotropy ratios introduced by the authors in a previous work for the construction of
anisotropic approximation spaces.|